Friday, August 28, 2020

Early American Labor Unions essays

Early American Labor Unions articles Resulting to the Civil War, the Second Industrial Revolution happened, getting multitudes of outsiders who agreed to acquire processing plant occupations with insignificant compensation. Radical thoughts concerning work were shaped in Europe after some time, and the settlers absorbed those thoughts into the American Labor System. Sorted out work from 1875 to the furthest limit of the century was moderately fruitful, given that it is seen as a starting to another type of laborers impact. Such achievement however was not accomplishing without penance and drudgery; for there were innumerous difficulties and challenges looked during the battle for workers rights. An enormous factor in the result of this supposed insurgency was the assessment of the American individuals. As expressed in the New York Times, the individuals were ace strikers when on the Baltimore and Ohio Road. A few however were dubious of the genuine importance of these associations. Nasts animation conversely delineates the strikers as socialists, attempting to subvert free enterprise along these lines testing the acknowledged idea of the occasions. The Gospel of Wealth hypothesis at this intersection was likewise mainstream. It accepted that those ready to work could become showbiz royalty, and the poor were in such state because of their absence of exertion. In significantly more prominent lengths to ruin the predicament of worker's organizations, the last was related with communism just as political agitation in an animation delineated by Frank Leslies Illustrated Newspaper. In spite of the reality most associations crumbled (Knights, NLU, and ARU) during harsh occasions, their end was not futile. After the Railroad strike of 1877 businesses were made to think altogether and cautiously before adversely altering compensation. A pre-Civil War request or a 10 hour work day was nearly accomplished. The AFL endure the melancholies of the 1890s and by 1901 enveloped 1/3 of laborers. Benefits plans were given by various huge corporate organizations, for example, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroads. The Second Industria... <!

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Johann Sebastian Bach Essay -- Composer Musician Bach Essays Bio

Johann Sebastian Bach Johann Sebastian Bach was a German organist, author, and melodic researcher of the Baroque time frame, and is generally viewed as probably the best arranger ever. His works, noted for their scholarly profundity, specialized order, and aesthetic magnificence, have given motivation to almost every artist after him, from Mozart to Schoenberg. J. S. Bach was conceived in Eisenach, Germany, March 21, 1685. Bach’s uncles were all expert artists extending from chapel organists and court chamber artists to arrangers. His dad, Johann Ambrosius Bach, was the town flautist in Eisenach, a post that involved arranging all the common music around just as taking an interest in chapel music at the course of the congregation organist (p. 309, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Vol. 2). Bach was the most youthful child of Ambrosius Bach and likely took in the basics of melodic hypothesis and how to play the violin from him (p104, The International Cyclopedia of Music and Musicians). Bach's mom kicked the bucket when he was as yet a little youngster and his dad unexpectedly died when J. S. Bach was 9, at which time he moved in with his more established sibling Johann Christoph Bach, who was the organist of Ohrdruf, Germany (p105, The International Cyclopedia of Music and Musicians). While in his sibling's home, J. S. Bach kept duplicating, contemplating, and playing music. As per one famous legend, late one night, when his sibling was sleeping, he found an assortment of works by Johann Christoph's previous guide, Johann Pachelbel, and started to duplicate it by the twilight. This went on consistently until Johann Christoph heard his sibling playing a portion of the unmistakable tunes from his private library, so, all in all he requested to know how Sebastian had come to learn them (www.sfsymphony.org/formats/author). It was at Ohrdruf that Bach started to find out about organ building. The Ohrdruf church's instrument was in consistent need of minor fixes, and youthful J. S. Bach was regularly sent into the paunch of the old organ to fix, alter, or supplant different parts. This hands-on involvement in the innards of the instrument gives a decent clarification to his unmatched ability at playing the organ (p. 11, Classical Music, the Rough Guide). From 1700 to 1702 he went to St Michael's School in Lã ¼neburg, where he sang in the congregation ensemble. After compet... ... new measurements in for all intents and purposes each branch of inventive work to which he turned, in group, melodic quality and specialized requests (p. 22, Classical Music, the Rough Guide). His music was perplexing to the point that numerous examiners have revealed layers of strict and numerological noteworthiness that is infrequently found in the music of different arrangers. Bach’s chorale harmonizations and fugal works were before long embraced as models for new ages of performers. Bach was the last extraordinary agent of the Baroque period during a time which was at that point dismissing the Baroque tasteful for another, edified one (www.sfsymphony.org/formats/writer). List of sources â€Å"Johann Sebastian Bach,† http://www.sfsymphony.org/layouts/author. Newman, Ernest â€Å"Bach, Johann Sebastian.† The International Cyclopedia of Music and Musicians, 1985, eleventh Edition, pp. 102-108 Sadie, Stanley â€Å"Bach, Johann Sebastian.† The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 2002, Vol. 2, pp. 309-346 Slonimsky, Nicolas â€Å"Bach, Johann Sebastian.† Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians, 2001, Vol. 1, pp. 161-172 Staines, Joe â€Å"Bach, Johann Sebastian.† Classical Music, the Rough Guide, 1998, pp. 11-22

Friday, August 21, 2020

How music affects teenagers free essay sample

Music has been influencing individuals since the get-go. Studies appear, nonetheless, that music is more powerful than some other diversion media. For a scope of reasons, for example, mind-set changes, tranquilize/liquor use, and brutality/conduct, science shows that music has the most impacts on teenagers more than grown-ups. In this paper, I will investigate every one of these reasons. Maybe the most critical influence music has on teenagers is state of mind changes. Music influences temperaments from numerous points of view. For instance, in the event that you are tragic, a few people can hear a tune, that is upbeat and it makes them need to move and their state of mind changes definitely, inside the flicker of an eye. Different occasions, music can have the contrary impact. Somebody can be glad, hear a tune, at that point they can be crushed on the grounds that the tune brought to surface heartbreaking or hysteric recollections. Great music has direct access to the feelings. It is an incredible apparatus for tweaking our dispositions. Research has indicated that, through music, state of mind can be adjusted and controlled and incredible feelings can happen. New York Times columnist Tara Parker Pope states, â€Å"Unlike visual media, music is an incredible social power that likewise takes advantage of an individual’s individual character, recollections and mind-set. † Music is an immense piece of teen’s every day experience nowadays, it isn't something effortlessly deflected. They are unquestionably going to participate in it. Oxford columnist Oliver Sacks composes that â€Å"We go to music; we need it, in light of its capacity to move us, to actuate emotions and mind-set, perspective. † As said by Oliver Sacks, music influences everything from temperaments to mind. Craftsmen are getting less worried about the impact they have on youthful grown-ups, thinking about the measure of medication/liquor references they put into their tunes. Clearly, melodies that embroil tranquilize/liquor use sell the best. Tara Parker-Pope expresses that: Researchers from Pittsburgh School of Medicine, contemplated the 279 most well known melodies from 2005, in light of reports from Billboard Magazine, which tracks famous music. Regardless of whether a melody contained a reference to medications or liquor changed by kind. Just 9 percent of pop tunes had verses identifying with medications or liquor. The number hopped to 14 percent for rock tunes, 20 percent for RB and hip-jump tunes, 36 percent for blue grass melodies and 77 percent for rap tunes. Indisputably, rap has the high ground and considering most notable specialists are of the rap game, teenagers will in general hear them out additional. â€Å"One of the most sensational impacts of music’s is the enlistment of stupor states, which have been depicted by ethnomusicologists in almost every culture† said Oxford writer Oliver Sacks. Youngsters appear as though they will successfully show their warmth for the craftsman, for example, taking medications or drinking liquor. They trust it will make them well known whether they do the things these tunes and specialists are discussing. Craftsmen in the music business need to exploit how well known they and their tunes are, and begin putting out positive messages. Rather, they exploit what sells the best or what tune gets the most hits and likes. Do they not comprehend what their verses are doing to the pre-adult? Their tunes utilize medications and alcohols appear to be cool, fun and hip. When, in all actuality, it is slaughtering our populace. In a perfect world, we believe that music doesn't advance viciousness and social issues for adolescents. Consistently, there is a child out there that is influenced by music. â€Å"The impact of music on society can be unmistakably observed from present day history. Music helped Thomas Jefferson compose the Declaration of Independence. At the point when he was unable to make sense of the correct wording for a specific part, he would play his violin to support him. The music helped him get the words from his cerebrum onto the paper,† (1) guide Lawrence O’Donnell, columnist for Brain and Mind online paper. Not all music has negative impacts, as should be obvious. â€Å"Through sound-related methods people are impacted by sounds or large numbers of sounds which make up music which at that point may influence the body, the psyche, correspondence, mind-set, and social parts of life† states Amber Johnson writer for California State University, Northridge (1). Music can mesmerize the psyche and make teen’s think they are a person or thing entirely unexpected than what they are. It locks on to their cerebrum and changes them into this individual they never longed for being; doing things they never realized they were prepared to do. A wide range of music convey for all intents and purposes a similar message, just in various structures. The main explanation adolescents get out of hand is that they feel as though they need to. Doing as the melody or craftsman says gives teenagers a since of expectation, that perhaps one day they can resemble the craftsman. Young people are youths, it is hard enough for guardians to control their youngsters, including melodies in with the general mish-mash that discussion about viciousness makes adolescents need to get out of hand, and do insane things. â€Å"In the seventies, for instance, one of Bob Marley’s generally celebrated and tuned in to melodies, ‘I shot the sheriff’, was well known and didn't incite such brutality. Then again, the verses of Ice T’s ‘Cop killer’ in the mid year of 1992 evoked an uproarious clamor and most warmed debate,† said Amal Saleeby essayist for NDU, Louaize. Many years of research have exhibited that introduction to viciousness in music can cause increments in hostility and conduct issues. â€Å"Studies have since a long time ago indicated that media messages have articulated effect on youth hazard behaviors,† says New York Times columnist, Tara Parker-Pope. All in all, mind-set changes, medicate/liquor use, and the expansion in brutality/social issues, in teen’s lives, are unmistakably influenced by music. â€Å"Our sound-related frameworks, our sensory systems, are tuned for music† says Oxford Journalist Oliver Sacks. Notwithstanding your religion, foundation or ethnicity, music is all over the place and everybody is affected by it.

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

The Absolute Best Approach You Need to Be Using for Persuasiv Essay Topics

The Absolute Best Approach You Need to Be Using for Persuasiv Essay Topics The Fight Against Persuasiv Essay Topics Then you already understand what your topic needs to be. Qualities of a fantastic persuasive essay topic The topic ought to be specific. Thus, it should be debatable! Then you ought to start with choosing a really intriguing topic. Choosing Persuasive Speech Topics A persuasive speech cannot be effective in the event the speaker chooses the incorrect topic. It is not very hard. Selecting a great topic for your essay is among the most essential and frequently tricky parts for many students. When writing a crucial composition, it's a good idea to pick contradictive topics. You still must make an outstanding bit of writing. You can be totally sure your paper is going to be delivered in time and be of the maximum quality. Instead of just immediately writing about your argumentative essay topic, you first have to think about what it is you are likely to put back on your paper through a procedure of brainstorming and pre-writing. Just stick to the guidelines stated above, and you're going to be well on your way to writing a very good persuasive essay. You may also restate the ideas you've discussed in the body paragraphs in order to make your point valid. At the conclusion of these list, you will discover links to a range of argumentative paragraphs and essays. The aim of brainstorming is to assist you in getting ideas. The Ultimate Persuasiv Essay Topics Trick Recent argumentative essay topics that are related to society is going to do. Weave in your perspective to create your essay unique. Sample persuasive essays can also offer inspiration on topics to write on in addition to serve as examples about how to compose your essay. All persuasive essays are like argumentative essays. What Is So Fascinating About Persuasiv Essay Topics? When you are in possession of a good idea for a speech topic, researching it is going to be fun and effortless. As a way to prevent that from happening, here are a few po inters on how best to pick the finest persuasive speech topics. For instance, an amazing speech topic may not be in a position to hold an audience's attention if it's not structured and organized properly. When choosing persuasive speech topics, you also need to consider where you're comfortable. Then it gets even more difficult to find out your speech topic. To begin with, consider what sort of speech it is. You don't want to speak about something political when you're supposed to deliver your persuasive speech to 5-year-old children. If it's an informative speech, consider what you are either well informed about or are interested in and would love to find out more about. Inspiration to make your own advertising or media argumentative essay topics isn't really hard to discover. Watching the news will provide you with a great variety of topics to pick from. Clearly, you ought not purposely choose a topic that will bore your audience. Define the principal points that you would like to get across and set them in a persuasive topic. All About Persuasiv Essay Topics There are just a few things that define whether an essay you're working on is going to be a good one. It's quite easy to use along with self explanatory. To put it differently, draw up on real-life advers ities you have faced in order that they can observe that it's possible for them to surmount challenges too. The issue is that everybody's interpretation of what makes a great society differs. After picking your subject, you have to have the five kinds of arguments at the rear of your head throughout your writing. Bear in mind, whatever you select will have a significant effect on the total consequence of your article. You may imagine my very first thoughts. As soon as you settle on this issue and select the position on which you will base your essay, the remainder of the job can then begin. The Persuasiv Essay Topics Stories The shortage of great support sources are going to result in a decrease grade. Possessing excellent research abilities and selecting a great topic is important. Our crew of professional writers with the crucial experience and writing skills is always prepared to fulfill your demands and exceed your expectations. You may trust us to offer expert assista nce for many of your academic writing needs. Things You Should Know About Persuasiv Essay Topics Young writers may try simple on-line citation generators which are normally at no cost. Education scholars are continuously evolving the way that they think about how we learn and what's taught. Persuasive essays are an excellent means to encourage the reader to check at a particular topic in a different light. Writing quality essays is the principal purpose of our services.

Friday, May 15, 2020

Beneficiaries of clubs law - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 11 Words: 3418 Downloads: 5 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Law Essay Type Narrative essay Did you like this example? 192596 Title: Captain Ahab died in 2005. His will included, inter alia, the following two gifts to the Midlands Whale Watching Club: a) My house, Moby Villa, to be used as a headquarters for the Club; and b)  £160,000, to enable members to go on trips to watch whales in Antarctica. The Midlands Whale Watching Club is a non-charitable unincorporated association whose rules consist of the following clauses: 1) The main object of the club is to promote knowledge of whales and to campaign against any threats to their continuing survival by the provision of information through lectures and public meetings. 2) Membership shall be open to all who show a sufficient knowledge of whales in a written examination and pay an annual subscription to be fixed by an elected committee. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Beneficiaries of clubs law" essay for you Create order 3) The Club shall attempt either to rent, or purchase, or otherwise acquire premises to act as a meeting place for members and as an information centre for the general public. No such premises had been found at the time of Captain Ahabs death. Consider the validity of Captain Ahabs gifts. [Area of law: Equity and Trusts Gifts to unincorporated associations, Trusts for purposes.] In deciding whether the above dispositions can be classed as valid an examination of the beneficiary principle needs conducting to determine whether the club can be treated as beneficiaries. In some cases the beneficiary principle has not been satisfied but the courts have held the trusts to be valid[1]. Examination of when the courts have taken this view is essential[2]. A discussion on purpose trusts is also necessary[3]. It is prudent to distinguish between charitable and non-charitable trusts despite the statement above that this is a non-charitable association. The rule against purpose trusts has been established in terms of the beneficiary principle. Sir William Grant MR in Morice v Bishop of Durham[4] stated that Every trust must have a definite object. There must be someone in whose favour the court can decree specific performance. This was reaffirmed by Lord Parker in Bowman v Secular Society[5]. In this case he made the comment that for a trust to be valid it must be for the benefit of individuals[6]. Such difficulties caused by purpose trusts have led to the formation of the beneficiary principle. Under this principle the general rule is that there must be identifiable beneficiaries in order to create a valid trust[7]. Purpose trusts offend against this as they lack anyone with locus standi to enforce the terms of the trust. The beneficiaries should supervise the trusts as they are the persons most interested in their proper administration. The beneficiaries are best placed to bring any abuses to the attention of the courts[8]. As the intention of the t estator is to give the house to the beneficiaries as a meeting place it is necessary to consider perpetuity. Inclusion of property in a trust may prevent the most efficient use of that property and affect its marketability. Trust law addresses this by dictating that property may not be subject to a trust for an excessive period of time. Property that is part of a private trust must not be held on trust in excess of the perpetuity period[9]. This has been defined as the duration of a human life at the date the trust was established plus 21 years. The aim was to prevent purpose trusts from becoming perpetual trusts. Exceptions to this are allowed where the trust is for charitable purposes. Trusts that do not satisfy the beneficiary principle have been treated as invalid on many occasions[10]. Roxburgh J held the trust invalid for offending against the beneficiary principle and for uncertainty[11] of the purpose in Re Astorà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Settlement Trusts[12]. In reaching his c onclusion he referred to Re Wood[13] and the comments of Harman J who asserted that a gift on trust must have a cestui que trust. Roxburgh J held that none of the exceptions had been satisfied in Astorà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s case and therefore the trust was void. A similar decision was reached by Harman L J in Re Endacott[14] where he applied the beneficiary principle to a gift given by Albert Endacott to the North Tawton Devon Parish Council for a memorial of himself. It was held that such a gift created a non-charitable purpose trust and did not fall into the exceptions category. There are a few exceptions where the courts have upheld non-charitable purpose trusts despite the lack of beneficiaries[15]. Harman L J discussed these exceptions in Re Endacott[16] Harman L J and made the comment that there are decisions which are not really to be satisfactorily classified, but are perhaps merely occasions where Homer has nodded, at any rate these cases stand by themselves and ought not t o be increased in number, nor indeed followed, except where the one is exactly like the other. It seems from this comment that Harman L J is not comfortable with the exceptions and is warning against the use of these to validate such trusts. Trusts that are regarded as exceptions can still become void if they offend against the perpetuity period. Such trusts are best regarded as trusts of imperfect obligation. Exceptions have been allowed where the application of the trust is for the care and maintenance of animals[17]. Any trust that is created for the welfare of animals in general will be charitable. A trust for the maintenance of a specific animal cannot be classed as charitable but could be classed as an exception. In Pettingall v Pettingall[18] a gift by the testator of  £50 per annum for the upkeep of his favourite black mare was upheld. Similar decision have been reached in Mitford v Reynolds[19] where the gift was for the upkeep of the testatorà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ s horses and Re Dean[20] where the testator left his 8 horses and his house to his trustees. He charged his freehold estate with an annuity of  £750 per year for 50 years if they should live that long to be paid to the trustees for their upkeep. This was held to be a valid non-charitable trust by North J who rejected the beneficiary principle entirely stating that he did not assent to the view that a trust is not valid if there is no cestui que trust to enforce it[21]. Re Dean would appear to offend against the perpetuity period despite this case being used as an authority for trusts for the maintenance of animals. The rationale behind the decision of North J would appear to be that he was judging the perpetuity period in respect of the life expectancy of the animal. This notion was rejected by Meredith J in Re Kelly[22] who made the point that the perpetuity period should not centre on the life expectancy of the animal. He stated that there can be no doubt that lives mean s lives of human beings, not of animals or trees in California. The mostly commonly used form of trusts for the maintenance of a particular animal centres on property left by the testator for the benefit of his favourite animal. For the purposes of the trust the animal would also be classed as property. This would give the new owner of the animal prime responsibility for its welfare, and as such the failure of the trust would not lead to no one having responsibility to care for the animal. Exceptions have also been applied where money has been placed in trust for the maintenance of specific graves and monuments[23] as well as saying masses for the dead. The perpetuity period still needs to be satisfied to make such trusts valid[24]. In some cases the courts have interpreted the saying of masses for the dead as charitable activities for the advancement in religion so long as the masses were celebrated in public as was the case in Re Hetherington[25]. Trusts that do fall with in the exceptions can be invalid if the purpose is deemed to be useless. An example of where this happened was in Brown v Burdett[26] where the testator created a trust to block up all the rooms of a house for twenty years. A similar decision was reached in Mà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢Caigà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢S Trustees v Kirk-Session of United Free Church of Lismore[27] where a trust to erect bronze statues was void on grounds of public policy since it involved a sheer waste of money[28]. In some instances where trusts fail because of uncertainty, perpetuity or illegality an automatic resulting trust[29] can be established[30]. The court found an automatic resulting trust[31] in Re Osoba[32] which involved a bequest to a testatorà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s widow for the training of the daughter and the maintenance of the aged mother. A resulting trust would not be created if the donors have parted with their money in exchange for tickets[33]. Under the exceptions a non-charitable purpose trust c an be treated as valid if it will benefit identifiable individuals[34] who posses sufficient locus standi to enforce it[35]. One such purpose trust deemed to be valid was Re Denleyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Trust Deed[36]. In this case Charles Denley had transferred land to trustees to be maintained and used as a sports field for the employees of a company. Goff J held that although the trust was expressed to be for a purpose is was in fact for the benefit of individuals as they would benefit directly or indirectly from the carrying out of the purpose. He also stated that the employees were an ascertainable and certain class[37] and would have locus standi to apply to the court to enforce the trust. This same principle has also been applied to unincorporated associations[38]. A prime example of this is Re Lipinskià ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Will Trusts[39] where Harry Lipinski left his residuary estate to the Hull Judeans (Maccabi) Association in memory of his wife to be used solely in construc ting new buildings for the association. It was concluded by Oliver J that this gift[40] was directly for the benefit of the members[41] of the association and could be construed as a gift to them as individuals[42]. Having analysed the beneficiary principle and the exceptions it is possible to speculate on the courts decision in the above. If the trust had been specifically worded for the benefit of the whales the courts may well have taken the opinion that this is for the benefit of a specific class of animal and held this part of the trust to be for a charitable purpose[43]. The association might also fall into the classification of being for educational purposes as one of the aims of the organisation is to give lectures to the general public to increase their knowledge of the whales[44]. The advancement of education has been extended in some instances to include industrial training, research and the promotion of culture and sport[45]. It may well be that the courts will dee m that the association is involved in research of the whales and accord them charitable status. There appears to be a divide in the opinions of the court in respect of when such gifts can be read as charitable. In Re Nottage[46] it was held that the gift of a prize for yacht racing was not charitable as it only served to promote the sport. By contrast in IRC v McMullen[47] the promotion of sport in schools and universities was regarded as for the advancement of education since education includes spiritual, moral, mental and physical elements. Similarly in Re Mariette[48] a gift to provide squash courts at a specific school was held to be charitable. To be recognised as charitable the purpose of the organisation must be for the public benefit[49]. Charitable status has been formulated through case law. For a purpose to be classified as charitable it must be beneficial in a way which is charitable and be shown to be available to the public[50] or a sufficient section of the public and not merely to a private class of individuals[51]. The courts have adopted a subjective assessment in deciding whether the benefit is for the community at large. The courts look at whether the donor thought that the purpose was beneficial to the public. In Re Foveaux[52] a gift to the International Society for the Total Suppression of Vivisection was held to be charitable on the principle that the donor has considered it to be so[53]. Similarly in Re Cranston[54] Fitzgibbon LJ took the view that it would be charitable provided the purpose was one which the founder of the society believed to be to public advantage[55]. Sometimes the courts have adopted an objective assessment as in National Anti-Vivisection Society v IRC[56] where the courts chose not to follow the decision of Re Foveaux[57] and declared the society non-charitable. Lord Simmons made the observation that Where on the evidence before it the court concludes that, however well-intentioned the donor, the achievem ent of his object will be greatly to the public disadvantage, there can be no justification for saying that it is a charitable object. In according charitable status the courts have to determine whether the benefit to the general public is too remote. It was held in IRC v Oldham Training and Enterprise Council[58] by Lightman J that these objects were non-charitable because the benefits to the community conferred were too remote. The association would need to benefit a significant amount of the public for it to be classed as for the public benefit[59]. The conclusion from the above would seem to be that the trust will be held to be valid even if it is not accorded charitable status as there are ascertainable beneficiaries and the disposition is for the benefit of the members of the club[60]. The court may decide against awarding charitable status as the rules of membership limit the number of persons eligible to join and require a membership fee. It is likely that the courts w ould allow the house to be used as a meeting place for the association especially since the meetings will be open to the general public. The money left for the trips to see the whales may fail as it would only benefit a specific section of the public this being the members of the association. However, the courts may allow this to be valid using the authorities Re Denleyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Trust Deed[61] and Re Lipinskià ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Will Trusts[62]. Bibliography Pearce, R Stevens, J, The Law of Trusts and Equitable Obligations, 2nd Ed, 1998, Butterworths Hayton, D J , Commentary and Cases on The Law of Trusts and equitable Remedies, 11th Ed, 2001, Sweet Maxwell Cockburn, T, Harris, W, Shirley, M, Equity Trusts, 2005, Butterworths Ashburner, W, Principles of Equity, 2nd Ed, 1933, Butterworths Butterworths Holdsworth, W, History of English Law, 7th Ed, 1956, Mathuen Co Ltd Slapper, G Kelly, D, The English Legal System, 4th Ed, 1999, Cavendish Publish ing Ltd Thomas, M, Statutes on Property Law, 8th Ed, 2001, Blackstoneà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Table of Cases A.T.C. 442 [1965] T.R. 425 (1966) 110 S.J. 17 Aitkenà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Trustees v Aitken 1927 SC 374 Attorney General v Cocke [1988] Ch. 414 [1988] 2 W.L.R. 542 [1988] 2 All E.R. 391 (1988) 85(14) L.S.G. 46 (1988) 132 S.J. 418 Attorney General v Ross [1986] 1 WLR 252 Bowman v Secular Society [1917] AC 406 Brown v Burdett (1882) 21 Ch D 667 Conservative Central Office v Burrell [1982] 1 WLR 522 Cunnack v Edwards (1896) 2 Ch 679 Fine Lady upon a White Horse Appeals Application for Registration as a Charity [2006] W.T.L.R. 59 Haworth v Inland Revenue Commissioners [1974] S.T.C. 378 1974 IRC v McMullen [1981] AC 1 HL IRC v Oldham Training and Enterprise Council [1996] STC 1218 Leahy v Attorney General for New South Wales [1959] AC 457 Lindsayà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Executor v Forsyth 1940 SC 568 Mà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢Caigà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢S Trustees v Kirk-Session of United Free Church of Lismore 1915 SC 426 Mitford v Reynolds (1848) 16 Sim 105 Morice v Bishop of Durham (1804) 9 Ves 399 National Anti-Vivisection Society v IRC [1948] AC 31 Neville Estates v Madden [1961] 3 All ER 65 Pettingall v Pettingall (1842) 11 LJ Ch 176 Pirbright v Salwey [1896] WN 86 Re Beadle (Deceased) [1974] 1 W.L.R. 417 [1974] 1 All E.R. 493 (1974) 118 Re Abbott Fund Trust [1900] 2 Ch 326 Re Ahmed Co [2006] EWHC 480 (2005-06) 8 I.T.E.L.R. 779 (2006) 156 N.L.J. 512 Re Astorà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Settlement [1952] Ch 534 Re Badens Deed Trusts (No.1) [1971] A.C. 424 [1970] 2 W.L.R. 1110 [1970] 2 All E.R. 228 (1970) 114 S.J. 375 Re Beadle (Deceased) [1974] 1 W.L.R. 417 [1974] 1 All E.R. 493 (1974) 118 Re Broadbent (Deceased) [2001] EWCA Civ 714 [2001] W.T.L.R. 967 (2000-01) 3 I.T.E.L.R. 787 (2001) 98(28) L.S.G. 44 Times, June 27, 2001 Re Buckinghamshire Constabulary Widows and Orphans Fund Friendly Society (1979) 1 WLR 936 Re Bushnell (Deceased) [1975] 1 W.L.R. 1596 [1975] 1 All E.R. 721 (1975) 119 S.J. 189 Times, December 10, 1974 Re Carapiets Trusts [2002] EWHC 1304 [2002] W.T.L.R. 989 (2002-03) 5 I.T.E.L.R. 125 Re Coates (Deceased) [1955] Ch. 495 [1954] 3 W.L.R. 959 [1955] 1 All E.R. 26 (1954) 98 S.J. 871 Re Cranston [1898] 1 IR 431 Re Dean (1889) 41 Ch D 552 Re Denleyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Trust Deed [1996] Conv 24 (Jaconelli) Re Drummond [1914] 2 Ch 90 Re Dunlop [1984] N.I. 408 1984 Re Endacott [1960] Ch 232 Re Foveaux [1895] 2 Ch 501 Re Gillingham Bus Disaster Fund (1958) Ch 300 Re Grants WT [1979] 3 All ER 359 Re Haines (1952) Times 7th November Re Hetherington [1989] 2 All ER 129 Re Hobourn Aero Components Ltds Air Raid Distress Fund (1946) Ch 194 Re Hooper [1932] 1 Ch 38 Re Horley Town Football Club [2006] EWHC 2386 [2006] W.T.L.R. 1817 Re Kelly [1932] IR 255 Re Kirkwood [1966] A.C. 520 [1966] 2 W.L.R. 136 [1966] 1 All E. R. 76 (1965) 44 A.T.C. 442 [1965] T.R. 425 (1966) 110 S.J. 17 Re Lipinskià ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Will Trusts [1976] Ch 235 Re Mariette [1915] 2 Ch 284 Re McCullough [1966] N.I. 73 Re Mills [1953] 1 W.L.R. 554 [1953] 1 All E.R. 835 (1953) 97 S.J. 229 Re Murawskis Will Trusts [1971] 1 W.L.R. 707 [1971] 2 All E.R. 328 (1971) 115 S.J. 189 Re Nottage [1895] 2 Ch 649 CA Re Osoba (1979) 2 All ER 393 Re Printers Transferrers Amalgamated Trades Protection Society (1899) 2 Ch 184 Re Rechers Will Trusts [1971] 3 All ER 401 Re Sayer [1957] Ch. 423 [1957] 2 W.L.R. 261 [1956] 3 All E.R. 600 (1957) 101 S.J. 130 Re Segelman (Deceased) [1996] Ch. 171 [1996] 2 W.L.R. 173 [1995] 3 All E.R. 676 Re Shaw [1957] 1 WLR 729 Re St Andrews Allotment Assoc. [1969] 1 All ER 147 Re Thompson [1934] Ch 342 Re Vandervellà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Trusts (No 2) [1974] Ch 269 Re Watson (Deceased) [1973] 1 W.L.R. 1472 [1973] 3 All E.R. 678 (1973) 117 S.J. 792 Re Wedge (1968) 67 D.L.R. (2d) 433 Re West Sussex Constabularys Widows, Children and Benevolent Fund Trusts (1970) 1 All ER 544 Re West Sussex Constabularys Widows, Children and Benevolent Fund Trusts (1970) 1 All ER 544 Re Wood [1949] Ch 498 Trimmer v Danby (1856) 25 LJ Ch 424 Table of Statues Charitable Uses Act 1601 Charities Act 1960 1 Footnotes [1] Re Sayer [1957] Ch. 423 [1957] 2 W.L.R. 261 [1956] 3 All E.R. 600 (1957) 101 S.J. 130 [2] Re Coates (Deceased) [1955] Ch. 495 [1954] 3 W.L.R. 959 [1955] 1 All E.R. 26 (1954) 98 S.J. 871 [3] Re Wedge (1968) 67 D.L.R. (2d) 433 [4] (1804) 9 Ves 399 [5] [1917] AC 406 [6] Leahy v Attorney General for New South Wales [1959] AC 457 [7] Re Ahmed Co [2006] EWHC 480 (2005-06) 8 I.T.E.L.R. 779 (2006) 156 N.L.J. 512 [8] Re Astorà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Settlement [1952] Ch 534; Re Shaw [1957] 1 WLR 729 [9] Haworth v Inland Revenue Commissioners [1974] S.T.C. 378 1974 [10] Re Beadle (Deceased) [1974] 1 W.L.R. 417 [1974] 1 All E.R. 493 (1974) 118 [11] Re Osoba (1979) 2 All ER 393 [12] [1952] Ch 534 [13] [1949] Ch 498 [14] [1960] Ch 232 [15] Re Horley Town Football Club [2006] EWHC 2386 [2006] W.T.L.R. 1817 [16] [1960] Ch 232 [17] Re Murawskis Will Trusts [1971] 1 W.L.R. 707 [1971] 2 All E.R. 328 (1971) 115 S.J. 189 [18] (1842) 11 LJ Ch 176 [1 9] (1848) 16 Sim 105 [20] (1889) 41 Ch D 552 [21] Re Osoba (1979) 2 All ER 393 [22] [1932] IR 255 [23] Trimmer v Danby (1856) 25 LJ Ch 424; Re Abbott Fund Trust [1900] 2 Ch 326 [24] Re Hooper [1932] 1 Ch 38; Pirbright v Salwey [1896] WN 86 [25] [1989] 2 All ER 129 [26] (1882) 21 Ch D 667 [27] 1915 SC 426 [28] Aitkenà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Trustees v Aitken 1927 SC 374; Lindsayà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Executor v Forsyth 1940 SC 568 [29] Re St Andrews Allotment Assoc. [1969] 1 All ER 147 [30] Re Printers Transferrers Amalgamated Trades Protection Society (1899) 2 Ch 184; Re West Sussex Constabularys Widows, Children and Benevolent Fund Trusts (1970) 1 All ER 544 [31] Re Hobourn Aero Components Ltds Air Raid Distress Fund (1946) Ch 194 [32] (1979) 2 All ER 393 [33] Re West Sussex Constabularys Widows, Children and Benevolent Fund Trusts (1970) 1 All ER 544 [34] Re Gillingham Bus Disaster Fund (1958) Ch 300; Re West Sussex Constabularys Widows, Child ren and Benevolent Fund Trusts (1970) 1 All ER 544 [35] Re Buckinghamshire Constabulary Widows and Orphans Fund Friendly Society (1979) 1 WLR 936 [36] [1996] Conv 24 (Jaconelli) [37] Re Kirkwood [1966] A.C. 520 [1966] 2 W.L.R. 136 [1966] 1 All E.R. 76 (1965) 44 A.T.C. 442 [1965] T.R. 425 (1966) 110 S.J. 17 [38] Conservative Central Office v Burrell [1982] 1 WLR 522; Re Printers Transferrers Amalgamated Trades Protection Society (1899) 2 Ch 184 [39] [1976] Ch 235 [40] Cunnack v Edwards (1896) 2 Ch 679 [41] Re Drummond [1914] 2 Ch 90; Neville Estates v Madden [1961] 3 All ER 65 [42] Re Badens Deed Trusts (No.1) [1971] A.C. 424 [1970] 2 W.L.R. 1110 [1970] 2 All E.R. 228 (1970) 114 S.J. 375; Re Grants WT [1979] 3 All ER 359 [43] Charities Act 1960 [44] Re Broadbent (Deceased) [2001] EWCA Civ 714 [2001] W.T.L.R. 967 (2000-01) 3 I.T.E.L.R. 787 (2001) 98(28) L.S.G. 44 Times, June 27, 2001; Charitable Uses Act 1601 [45] Re Thompson [1934] Ch 342 [46] [18 95] 2 Ch 649 CA [47] [1981] AC 1 HL [48] [1915] 2 Ch 284 [49] Fine Lady upon a White Horse Appeals Application for Registration as a Charity [2006] W.T.L.R. 59; Gilmour v Coats [1949] AC 426; [1949] 1 All ER 848 [50] Re Bushnell (Deceased) [1975] 1 W.L.R. 1596 [1975] 1 All E.R. 721 (1975) 119 S.J. 189 Times, December 10, 1974 [51] Attorney General v Cocke [1988] Ch. 414 [1988] 2 W.L.R. 542 [1988] 2 All E.R. 391 (1988) 85(14) L.S.G. 46 (1988) 132 S.J. 418 [52] [1895] 2 Ch 501 [53] Re Rechers Will Trusts [1971] 3 All ER 401 [54] [1898] 1 IR 431 [55] Re Vandervellà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Trusts (No 2) [1974] Ch 269 [56] [1948] AC 31 [57] [1895] 2 Ch 501 [58] [1996] STC 1218 [59] Re Watson (Deceased) [1973] 1 W.L.R. 1472 [1973] 3 All E.R. 678 (1973) 117 S.J. 792 [60] Re Horley Town Football Club [2006] EWHC 2386 [2006] W.T.L.R. 1817 [61] [1996] Conv 24 (Jaconelli) [62] [1976] Ch 235

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Brain Structure and Post Traumatic Brain Injury Essay...

Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) have been shown to have a great impact on several specific structures in the brain of both immediate and long-term damage. Often preoccupation can be focused into the immediate outcomes. The immediate concerns of TBI are without doubt important but this often creates ignorance in terms of the long-term consequences that may follow an individual impacted by TBI into subsequent years. As one will come to recognize, this is of particular concern in terms of children who survive TBI. It was once believed that due to development, children were less vulnerable to TBI in comparison to mature, adult brains but research of childhood TBI has found this conjecture to be false (Beauchamp et al., 2011). As discussed in†¦show more content†¦At a time when brain development is crucial, it can be argued that, based on reported damage to developing structures of the pediatric brain, disruptions of development and long-term cognitive, psychological and social im plications could arise as a consequence of TBI. Nonetheless, prior to an intricate look at the impact on specific brain structures, it is important to understand a TBI, the levels of severity and the immediate implications on a neurological level. The most typical TBI is that of a closed head injury in which no penetration of the skull or brain occurs (Roberts, 2009). Still, impact to the head results in the skull usually hitting a surface as a result of incidents such as falls, accident, sports, assault or abuse (Roberts, 2009). Once a TBI has occurred, a classification of the injuries severity is assessed based on the immediate presentation of symptoms (Roberts, 2009). Mild, moderate and severe classifications are determined based on the presentation (or lack their of) of symptoms such as consciousness and functioning of mental and or sensory process (Roberts, 2009). At the level of the neuron, TBI can cause critical problems. In cases where brain tissue stretches or is sheared, t he axon of a neuron becomes weakened due to the stretching, which can result in theShow MoreRelatedMedical Imaging Of Traumatic Brain Injuries Essay1520 Words   |  7 PagesMedical Imaging of Traumatic Brain Injuries INTRODUCTION Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) consist of pathological intracranial features of alteration in brain function cause by an outside force. TBI’s have plagued emergency rooms in recent years. TBI’s are the number one cause for death and disability in American youth and young adults. The drastic increase in TBI prognosis has been credited to reasons such as; increased competitiveness in sports, increased speeds of automobiles and/or speed limitsRead MoreSymptoms And Injuries Of A Traumatic Brain Injury841 Words   |  4 Pages Nearly two million people experience a traumatic brain injury (TBI) every year. The degree of severity from the incident may range from no underlying brain injury to severe compression of brain tissue. Irregular interior surface of skull can damage fragile tissues of brain during acceleration, deceleration, or shearing forces. Direct mechanical trauma can injure cortical tissue. Traumatic hematomas can damage subcortical structures and lead to vasosp asm and ischemia. Sudden movement of skull onRead MoreImaging Of Traumatic Brain Injuries Essay1585 Words   |  7 PagesImaging of Traumatic Brain Injuries: An Investigative Report INTRODUCTION Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) consist of pathological intracranial characteristics of altered brain function cause by an outside force. TBI’s have plagued emergency rooms in recent years. TBI’s are the number one cause for death and disability in American youth and young adults. The drastic increase in TBI prognosis has been credited for reasons such as; increased competitiveness in sports, increased speeds of automobilesRead MoreTraumatic Brain Injury Essay1284 Words   |  6 Pages Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the result of an external force against the head that causes displacement of the cranial structures, either through impact with an object or through acceleration and deceleration. TBI is not isolated to a single ethnic group, socioeconomic class, or region (Berquist et al., 2009; Jang et al., 2013). In 2002, the United States had the highest incidence of reported TBI cases of any developed country. The incidence of hospital admissions due to closed head injuriesRead MoreA Traumatic Brain Injury 1708 Words   |  7 PagesA traumatic brain injury (â€Å"TBI†) occurs when the brain is somehow injured, rattled, or wounded from an external source of force. The means of acquisition and the severity of TBIs are unique to each patient; therefore, symptoms and rehabilitation can vary greatly depending on the patient’s condition following the incident and how they sustained the injury. The severity of a TBI is generally classified into one of three categories: mild, moderate, or severe, and this type of diagnostic criteria influencesRead MoreRecent Epidemiological Studies Have Linked Mild Traumatic1509 Words   |  7 Pageslinked mild traumatic brain injury as a risk factor for dementia. Estimated that 100 to 300 per 100,000 people seek medical attention for mTBI annually worldwide. Due to not all persons with mTBI seeking medical attention it is estimated that 600 per 100,000 have a mTBI annually. Epidemiological evidence suggests that moderate or severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an important risk factor for neurodegenerative diseases such as: Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and Chronic Traumatic EncephalopathyRead MoreThe Reality Of Brain Damage From Football1387 Words   |  6 Pages The Reality of Brain Damage from Football Introduction to Psychology Northcentral Technical College Stacy Schmidt Football brain injuries are somewhat common and people are more aware of the types of damage it can cause to the brain. A concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury. It can occur after an impact to the head or after a whiplash-type injury that causes the head and brain to shake quickly back and forth. Concussions are usually not life-threateningRead MoreThe Effects Of Traumatic Brain Injuries On Our Society1574 Words   |  7 PagesThe human brain is an enormously complex and intricate structure; however, it is incredibly susceptible to injury and irreversible damage. Traumatic brain injuries can affect any member of the population at any given moment, damaging vital areas of the brain responsible for an entire spectrum of tasks, most of which are often taken for granted. Numerous medical professionals are involved in the rehabilitation of patients that sustain traumatic brain injuries. Because traumatic brain injuries have suchRead MoreAdvance Assessment Of Concussion Diagnosis 1542 Words   |  7 Pageseffects of concussion on the brain. Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI): Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) is a task-based neuroimaging technique that measures brain activity by detecting changes in blood flow using blood-oxygen-level dependent (BOLD) contrast.19 Researchers have used fMRI to assess brain function following a concussive injury. Overall, researchers have found an increase in brain activation patterns in concussed patients following injury.14 12,15 Lovell et al14 usedRead MoreThe Between Ptsd And Tbi992 Words   |  4 Pageseffects of brain damage and the consequences or effects of PTSD, the level of damage and mitigative roles to combat the situation. Findings The effects of war are often very lessen, some factions wanting to downplay those effects in order to support your efforts and others wanting to inflate them in order to support peace. There is a disagreement in terms of persistent post concussive symptoms that are reported by Iraq combat veteran who have had repeated episodes of mild traumatic brain injury from being

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

The Offspring †free essay sample

The Offspring: AmericanaOne might refer to The Offsprings new Americana as a great CD simply from Frank Koziks beautiful artwork and the CD-ROM music videos and Karaoke Room because this is an enhanced CD. However, an album is known for its basic principle, music. None of the other little details hold any relevance on cassette. The beauty of this album is its music.Lead singer Dexter Holland, who wrote the lyrics to the album, is known in the music world as a genius. His strange political views have often explained the crazy concepts in past albums. The lyrics to Americana, released a month before the album, made me think this would be an exceptional album. I noticed The Offsprings maturity in trying to cut back on curses.Trying to fit into the punk genre of music more definitively than recently criticized, several curses are added just for the heck of it. We will write a custom essay sample on The Offspring – or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page However, they do not take away from the quality of the songs. Holland actually sings these songs; he does not scream them to contribute to the noise for which punk rock is usually criticized.Have You Ever is a clever tale of dja vu and other feelings that may make teenagers feel unsure about their lives. The Kids Arent Alright tells the story of childrens misfortunes as they have grown up in a bad neighborhood. It follows an idea from the chorus of a previous song, Gone Away, when it says the cruelest dream, reality. This is something many teenagers will be able to relate to in their angst. This is mentioned again throughout Americana. Walla Walla and Americana display a marvelous rhyming scheme. Pay the Man, Americana, Shes Got Issues, Pretty Fly, and The Kids Arent Alright all contribute to the albums main theme: corruption in America. Although they encounter a controversial political issue, Holland and the rest of the band are able to support their views with detail. Thanks to No odles, Greg K., and Ron Welty, the background music is also exceptional, especially in Americana, Have You Ever, and Staring at the Sun. Despite the negativity regarding Americas corruption, The Offsprings new Americana is a terrific album..Review by Michael Croland, Melville, NY